Alcoholism and drug addiction are quite common in todays society. Some estimates have shown that over twenty percent of the United States population battles with some form of drug addiction, alcohol ism or substance abuse problem. Who Does Drug Addiction and Alcoholism Affect?
Alcoholism and drug addiction are quite common in todays society. Some estimates have shown that over twenty percent of the United States population battles with some form of drug addiction, alcohol ism or substance abuse problem
Drug addiction and alcoholism bring only destruction, sorrow, and pain, it affects not only the addict, but also the people in his/her life. Hurting friends and family, drug addiction also permeates professional settings. Employees with drug addiction or alcohol dependency problems hurt businesses and create aggravating and possibly unsafe work environments.
Many untrue myths on the origins of drug addiction and alcoholism continue to circulate. Some attempt to pinpoint the social groups most affected. Others attempt to recognize drug addiction and alcoholism as an illness or a moral defect. These falsehoods perpetuate unnecessary confusion, fear, and shame. Drug addiction or alcoholism does not appear in any particular component of society. It affects every socio-economic class, ethnicity, and gender. There is no reason to label drug addicts with untrue stereotypes, and there is no need to fear them. At some point everyone struggles with lifes hurdles and needs help from others. Drug addicts and alcoholics are no different from anyone else. No one chooses drug addiction or alcoholism; rather, drug addiction and alcoholism steals from him/her.
How Can Drug Addiction and Alcohol Addiction Be Identified?
Drug addiction and alcohol addiction carry warning signs with them. Some of these are listed below:
Red or dilated eyes
Cold or sweaty hands
Moody, impatient, dangerous, and/or violent behavior
Extreme periods of energy (e.g., constant talking) and/or fatigue
Sudden or decreasing disregard in personal appearance or hygiene
Sudden change in friends
Well over half of drug users work, and two out of five have taken an illicit drug at their work site. Unsurprisingly, almost half of work related accidents involve drug addiction or alcoholism. Substance abuse, drug addiction and alcoholism on the job manifests in many ways:
Decreases the quality and/or speed of work.
Constant absences and/or tardiness (especially right before a weekend or holiday break and right after payday): Researchers find that drugs cause over sixty percent of work absences.
Often leaving work early
Talking more on the phone
Stealing company supplies and/or profits
How to Help a Drug Addict or Alcoholic?
Drug addiction and alcohol addiction are treatable. The question is ,why do so many recovering addicts return to the same behaviors? Posing a severe problem in and of itself, addiction rarely develops on its own. Drug addiction and substance abuse most often result from inadequate coping of conscious and unconscious issues. Problems stem from unresolved childhood traumas and personal issues. Dependency, denial merely enlarges the initial denial. Substance abusers require extensive patience, compassion, and sensitivity to treat and to heal. For this reason, addicts may need constant encouragement to pursue addiction treatment options and drug rehab.
Know the Signs of Drug Addiction and Alcohol Addiction
Know how to recognize drug addiction and alcohol addiction Identify warning signs. Become familiar with strategies for handling someone with a possible drug addition or alcohol addiction.
Speak with the Individual
This can be difficult. Fears of being wrong often deter people from approaching a possible addict. However, it is better to talk to a person and be wrong then to say nothing and allow a drug addiction or alcohol addiction to continue. Always broach the topic in an unthreatening manner.
Offer Guidance and Suggestions
While demonstrating concern is essential, it is important not to come on too strong. A substance-abuse situation is a delicate matter. While drug addiction may be apparent, all other issues, which contributed to the present condition, are not. Sobriety can never be achieved unless an addict takes charge of his/her own situation and decides to change his/her lifestyle.
Support and Compassion
Even if professionals delicately ask about a possible drug addiction, the addict may still refuse help. Substance abuse and its initial/current life problems create massive feelings of helplessness. They may not feel capable of stopping their drug addiction or alcohol addiction, and they might not trust others, even those that want to help. Nonetheless, with persistent patience and compassion, a professional can communicate his/her sincerity; and eventually, the addict may gain the necessary trust and courage for drug rehab or alcohol rehab.
Addiction Recovery in Alcohol Rehab and Drug Rehab
People suffering from drug addiction and alcohol addiction need both benefits of individualized care and drug rehab and alcohol rehab. Individualized addiction treatment is essential for enduring sobriety. While symptoms may be common, causes are never completely shared. Being an individual automatically implies that life is experienced uniquely. People require different addiction treatment therapies and time in a drug rehab or alcohol rehab to stabilize. Drug addiction and alcohol addiction attacks from all angles and progressively weakens a person into sequestered parts. Addiction treatment programs, drug rehab and alcohol rehab naturally reunites body, mind, and spirit into an enduring whole person again.
A drug rehab program or alcohol rehab program should offer a variety of specified addiction treatment. Incorporated with individual chemical dependency counseling, state-of-the-art methods of psychotherapy and hypnotherapy enable people to heal from anxiety and memories which often cause the self-medicating substance abuse. Family counseling repairs the relationships contributing to and brought on by addiction. Life purpose and spiritual counseling enable people to embrace their true identities and to move positively forward.
Rejuvenating all components of human life, comprehensive alcohol rehab and drug rehab offers further treatments including:
– Physical Training – Massage/Bodywork – Acupuncture – Nutritional Advisement – Yoga/Music/Arts Treatment – Image Therapy – Peaceful and Soothing Environment
Complete drug rehab or alcohol rehab programs develop further specialty therapies to address specific client needs. A team closely works to create the best individualized addiction treatment possible. Most importantly, all activities focus directly on healing the initial problems that caused the drug addiction or alcoholism.
Professional help is needed to eradicate drug addiction or alcoholism Professionals play critical roles in the detection and recovery of substance abuse/addiction problems. If you are looking for a quality and effective drug rehab or alcohol rehab, go to www.lakeviewhealth.com or call a national addiction treatment helpline at 1-800-511-9225 and they will assist you in locating a drug rehab or alcohol rehab in your local area.
Drug Addiction and Alcoholism; A Treatable Illness
Drug addiction and alcohol addiction are comparable to chronic illnesses like diabetes, asthma, and hypertension, and should be treated as such,according to an article published in a year 2000 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Authors Thomas McLellan, Ph.D., and Herbert D. Kleber, M.D., conducted a literature review of those illnesses, revealing that there are underlying similarities between drug addiction, alcohol addiction and chronic diseases. Yet, say the researchers, drug addiction is typically treated as if it is an acute condition. Altering perceptions to think of drug addiction as a chronic illness may change the way it is treated and insured.
The researchers found that drug addiction and alcoholism shares many of the characteristics of other chronic illnesses. In the area of genetic heritability, for example, studies of monozygotic and dizygotic twins have found heritability estimates of .25 to .50 for hypertension; .80 for type 2 and .30 for type 1 diabetes; and .36 to .70 for asthma. Heritability estimates for the drug addictions are similar, ranging from .34 for heroin dependence, .55 for alcoholism, .52 for marijuana dependence, and .61 for dependence on cigarettes.
Typically, both medical professionals and the general public view drug abuse as voluntary activities. That people choose to use drugs seems to set drug addiction and alcohol adidiction apart from other chronic illnesses. Yet, there are many chronic illnesses in which voluntary choice affects initiation and maintenance of disease. Salt sensitivity, obesity, stress level, and physical inactivity, all within voluntary control, are important factors in the development of hypertension.
Drug addiction and alcoholism also resembles other chronic illnesses in regard to treatment response. The course that an drug addiction takes if left untreated is an important issue in this regard. Studies comparing treated and untreated populations of addicts have typically shown that untreated, addictions do not remit.
At this time there is no reliable “cure” for drug addiction and alcohol addiction. Typically, addicts who remain in addiction treatment and who attend follow-up have superior outcomes compared with those who do not. If you are looking for an effective drug addiction treatment program or alcohol rehab, call the national addiction treatment helpline, 1-800-511-9225 or go to www.lakeviewhealth.com.
Drug rehabilitation center can recover drug or alcohol affected individuals
Drug rehab centers help men and women recover from chemical dependency and addiction. If you have decided to help someone recover from drug addiction it will change their life completely. While deciding on a drug rehabilitation center for your friends or relatives Drug rehab centers help men and women recover from chemical dependency and addiction. If you have decided to help someone recover from drug addiction it will change their lives completely. While deciding on a drug rehabilitation center for your friends or relatives, choose one that will recover them completely. Drug rehab and alcohol rehab centers offer various treatment programs that can meet individual needs. Various programs offered by these centers are inpatient, residential, outpatient; extended care and short stay options. As affected men and women keep taking treatment and pass through different stages, you will notice a drastic improvement in their thinking and living. As each individual passes through each stage, their perspective towards life will change. A trained professional who can take accurate diagnosis can prescribe the most appropriate treatment program. Each alcohol and drug rehab center has different treatment programs, philosophies, credentials, qualifications and cost. Deciding on the best center may be very confusing. Most people dont know what to look for or what questions to ask that will help in determining the drug rehab center thats best designed to meet our needs. Ask drug rehab centers certain questions that will help you in deciding the best one. Before making any final decision, make sure you feel satisfied that al your questions are thoughtfully and thoroughly answered. Certain questions that you should ask drug or alcohol rehab centers are: What philosophy do drug rehab center follow on addiction? What type of programs do they have? Administrators and staffs credentials Difference between their treatment programs with other drug rehabs? Cost of the recovery treatment Are rehab center services covered by health insurance People who come for treatment are affected by alcohol or drug what happens during and after withdrawal? How long will it take to complete the drug rehab treatment program? Types of people who come for treatment How much is family involved in the recovery program What is their success rate? Are they accredited? How is the transition from the drug rehab back into mainstream society structured?Choosing the right drug rehab center may change the life of the affected individual. Do remember that an alcohol or drug addicted person cannot change completely overnight. Recovery is an ongoing process and each aspect of life that is affected by alcohol and drug use must be continuously addressed. Some of the programs offered by this center are Detox, Supportive living program and addiction counseling. In detox program, the affected individual will take part in small group discussion, recovery process and renew their desire for life. Supportive living program is the second stage in residential program. Clients are thought how to abstain them from usage of drugs and alcohol. Clients receive counseling around their addiction and underlying issues such as grief, abuse, trauma and mental health.
With the fact that Drug Addiction is catching up fast and is as deadly as the Human Immuno Virus spread Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), it is extremely important that we look at ways of tr… With the fact that Drug Addiction is catching up fast and is as deadly as the Human Immuno Virus spread Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), it is extremely important that we look at ways of treating drug addiction. We all know it is a major issue with a cross section of people affected by drug addiction. Treatment of drug addiction is a combination of traditional, spiritual and the medical way which allows the patient to combat drug addiction. Treatments for drug addictions are always administered in facilities like clinics, hospitals, drug rehab centers etc. in the presence of trained physicians in administering addiction medicine and doctors who are specialized in treating addiction related cases. It may seem that treatment of drugs is very simple, but in fact treatment centers have to be ultra cautious with their patients who enroll in drug rehab or treatment programs. The first step of any treatment for drug addiction is detoxification. The effect of consuming drugs like Marijuana, Cocaine is that the toxic remnants of these drugs are left behind in the human body. The detoxification process detoxifies or removes all these toxic remnants from the body. Detoxification in itself is a simple process but it can get complicated in cases where the drug addict has a history of consuming drugs for a long time. Post the detoxification, the actual treatment for drug rehabilitation is prescribed by the doctor or the physician. Normally, these tests last about two weeks and may require the patient to either choose an in-house residential program or an outpatient program. Cases where the person is found to be a heavy opiate or has been consuming drugs like heroin, cocaine for a long time, an FDA approved drug called methadone is used for the treatment. The process of treatment of such cases may take longer and it may take up to 6 months to a year for the person to complete the treatment. That said, the patients who undergo such treatments will see the benefits of the treatment coming to them a year after the treatment is over. A good treatment of drug addiction cases involves individual and group counseling and group therapy in addition to the medical treatment. Many companies/centers/clinics offer treatment for drug addiction. With most of them affordably priced, drug addiction treatment is almost becoming a necessity for all those who have a history of drug addiction.Remember, treatment for drug addiction is not mandatory for a person. But in order to save a lot of your efforts trying to grapple with the serious negative effects which accompany drug addiction, you are well advised to take a treatment for drug addiction.
Important Things to Keep In Mind before Joining a Drug Rehab Center
Drug addiction is a very serious problem and must be dealt with in an equally serious manner. It is very important to acknowledge the fact that addiction can also result in the loss of life of an individual. besides the fact that addiction makes the person financially vulnerable, due to the copious amounts of money that he spends on acquiring drugs, drug addiction can actually lead to the worsening of the health of an individual and lead to a number of medical conditions like cancer. Hence, it is very important that people realize the fact that taking drugs is not the ultimate solution to their problems.One of the best ways to get rid of the drug addiction problems of an individual is to get registered with a drug rehab center. There are plenty of drug rehab centers that are functional nowadays and promise to provide you with the best treatment facilities in order to allow you to get healed in a very short span of time. Drug rehab centers take into account the level of addiction of an individual, the kind of addiction etc and them prescribe necessary procedures which can be followed easily. The treatment methods are cheap, painless and hundred percent effective.But before you resort to the process of actually registering yourself with a drug rehab center, you must first prepare yourself. One can never get healed unless one acknowledges the fact that he or she is suffering from a problem. Acknowledging this fact is very important because unless you believe that you are a drug addict and need treatment, you will never be able to cope up with your problem and become normal again. Drug addiction clouds ones ability to reason. But in such a scenario, you have to get mentally prepared and work towards getting rid of your addiction.Also remember, initiative on your behalf go a long way in allowing for a faster recovery. Rather than asking your family members to go and find suitable treatment facilities, take the initiative and find centers ion your own. Make sure that you go for each and every designated test and register with the centers that your doctor advises you to. Going out and talking to therapists at such places will allow you to get an insight into the fact that drug addiction will actually eat you up from the inside. This will make you have a psychological edge and fasten your healing process.
Prescription Drug Addiction â Which Method of Drug Detox is Best?
Choosing the right drug detox can mean the difference between success and failure.
When looking for help for themselves or a loved one with a prescription drug problem, people are often unsure which detox program is best. Choosing the right program could mean the difference between success and failure in overcoming prescription drug addiction. Different types of drug detox programs are available and each one has its advantages and drawbacks.
For most people drug detox is just the start of full rehabilitation. It is primarily a method of withdrawal, and does not address why the person became addicted in the first place – for that you need a successful drug rehab program. Nevertheless, withdrawal is the necessary first step to rehab and to get someone with a prescription drug addiction problem to even agree to quit, it is often necessary to find a drug detox program that can effectively handle prescription drug addiction detox, is safe, and is as comfortable for the addicted person as possible.
Some drug detox programs simply provide a setting where the person is kept away from all drugs, fed, housed, and watched over to ensure they don’t encounter any serious medical problems. They are basically withdrawing ’cold turkey’, with nothing to relieve the pain or other withdrawal symptoms. For many with a prescription drug addiction problem, this type of drug detox is very hard on the body, and very traumatic.
Another type of drug detox program basically amounts to substituting a different drug for the one the person is already taking. The person arrives at the detox center, is given a drug that helps relieve the symptoms of withdrawal, and leaves the center on the substitute drug – possibly chained to it forever. If they want to get off the new drug, they may well have to go through another drug detox. This is obviously not a good choice for someone with a prescription drug addiction as they have just replaced one prescription for another.
Then we have ’rapid detox’, promoted as the fastest route. You arrive at the facility, usually a hospital, and, after medical examination and other preparations, are put under general anesthetic for between four and six hours – the person is basically ’out’ while a strong drug is pumped through their system.
The most talked about aspect of the rapid detox method is the fact that you are technically done within hours. However, recovery from the anesthetic and physical stress put on the body can take several days, and the person is likely to continue to have side effects and symptoms for weeks. In fact, most people leave rapid detox centers on medications designed to handle the after-effects of the detox.
The best method of detoxing from prescription drugs is the gradual withdrawal technique. The person checks into a medically-supervised, comfortable facility where they are helped through withdrawal by the use of drugs that help alleviate the symptoms. This differs from the ’substitute drug’ method as the person is given the withdrawal drugs only for a short period of time, and is no longer taking that drug when they leave.
There’s no quick fix for drug addiction. The first step is a drug detox program that can successfully deal with prescription drug addiction. Then finish up with a drug rehab program that addresses the reasons behind the addiction. With these steps done, the person can get their life back.
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Addictions Recovery Measurement & the Seven Dimensions Model
Introducing a Multidimensional Recovery Measurement Model for Addictions
The sun was thought to revolve around the earth for 1500 years. It wasn’t until a European astronomer named – Nicolaus Copernicus first formulated a modern heliocentric theory of the solar system that we began to change our thinking. This insight ultimately ushered in a major paradigm shift in astronomy and physics. Every model or viewpoint for recovery maintains the integrity and importance of its own position, often to the exclusion of other explanations. For example, there are recovery models and theories for: biological, psychological, social, cultural, and spiritual viewpoints that can all explain human behavior. Unfortunately, these viewpoints may thus “blind” their adherents to alternative interpretations until some new insight is achieved that resolves the problems left unsolved. It is my hope that the 7 – Dimensions model for addictions recovery measurement is a step towards a “Copernicus” type paradigm shift.
Because human behavior is so complex, an attempt to understand the reasons individuals continue to use, and/ or abuse themselves with substances and/ or maladaptive behavioral addictions to the point of developing self-defeating behavior patterns and/ or other life-style dysfunctions or self-harm is enormously difficult to achieve. Many researchers therefore prefer to speak of risk factors that may contribute, but not be sufficient to cause addictions. They point to an eclectic bio-psychosocial approach that involves the multi-dimensional interactions of genetics, biochemistry, psychology, socio-cultural, and spiritual influences. Risk Factors / Contributory Causes / Influences:
1. Genetics (family history) – is known to play a role in causing susceptibility through such biological avenues as metabolic rates and sensitivity to alcohol and/ or other drugs or addictive behaviors.
2. Biochemistry – the discovery of morphine-like substances called endorphins (runners high, etc.) and the so-called “pleasure pathway” – the mesocorticolimbic dopamine pathway (MCLP). This is the brain center or possible anatomic site underlying addictions at which alcohol and other drugs stimulate to produce euphoria – which then becomes the desired goal to attain (tolerance – loss of control – withdrawal).
3. Psychological Factors – developmental personality traits, vulnerability to stress, and the desire for tension and symptom reduction from various mental health problems and traumatic life experiences.
Our present healthcare system is set up to focus on acute care rather than chronic illnesses. It focuses on a Unitary Syndrome model in which the sole marker of treatment response or success is specific symptom-reduction. Healthcare consumers are increasingly advocating for a multidimensional model that takes into account an array of life-functioning domains that influence patient treatment progress. Evidenced-based meta-analysis studies also purport the prognostic power of life-functioning variables to predict outcome as well as their importance for treatment planning over a unitary model that has had little empirical support. Accurate diagnosis is also dependent on a thorough multidimensional assessment process along with the possible help of a multidisciplinary treatment team approach. Behavioral Medicine practitioners have come to realize that although a disorder may be primarily physical or primarily psychological in nature, it is always a disorder of the whole person – not just of the body or the mind.
American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
The American Society of Addiction Medicine’s (2003), “Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders, 3rd Edition”, has set the standard in the field of addiction treatment for recognizing a multidimensional, bio-psychosocial assessment process. ASAM developed the following six dimensions specifically for the addictions field with the intent to provide clinicians with decision-making guidelines for patient placement of care:
1. Acute Intoxication and/ or Withdrawal Potential
2. Biomedical Conditions and Complications
3. Emotional/ Behavioral Conditions and Complications
4. Treatment Acceptance / Resistance
5. Relapse / Continued Use Potential
6. Recovery Environment
The ASAM dimensional delineations were developed to assess severity of illness (alcoholism/ drug addiction). The severity of illness level is then used to determine the match to type and intensity of treatment to help guide placement into one of four levels of care. The dimensional assessments would involve asking if the patient’s daily living activities were significantly impaired to interfere with or distract from abstinence, recovery, and/ or stability treatment goals and efforts.
Seven Dimensions Model
In 2004, the Addictions Recovery Measurement System (ARMS), was published – describing the following seven life-functioning therapeutic activity dimensions for progress outcome measurements. As can be seen below, the ASAM (Severity of Illness) dimensions do not compete with the seven “Life-functioning” dimensions, but rather add depth in describing the Abstinence/ Relapse – 7th Dimension. Each of the seven dimensions has individualized assessment criteria:
1. Social/ Cultural – Dimension
2. Medical/ Physical – Dimension
3. Mental/ Emotional – Dimension
4. Educational/ Occupational – Dimension
5. Spiritual/ Religious – Dimension
6. Legal/ Financial – Dimension
7. Abstinence/ Relapse – Dimension
a. Acute Intoxication and/ or Withdrawal Potential
b. Biomedical Conditions and Complications
c. Emotional/ Behavioral Conditions and Complications
d. Treatment Acceptance / Resistance
e. Relapse / Continued Use Potential
f. Recovery Environment
Note: These seven dimensions have been delineated in the book entitled, Poly-behavioral Addiction and the Addictions Recovery Measurement System (Slobodzien, 2005).
The 7 – Dimension recovery model is not based upon an expanded version of the ASAM dimensions. As noted above, it was initially designed to measure patient progress by assessing therapeutic life-functioning activities. Researched may prove it to be effective as a generalized model for recovery, from all pathological diseases, disorders, and disabilities. It’s multidimensional assessment/ treatment process includes the internal interconnection of multiple dimensions from biomedical to spiritual – taking into account the effects of feedback and the existence of each dimension mutually influencing each other simultaneously. Because of the complexity of human nature, treatment progress needs to be initially tailored and guided by an individualized treatment plan based on a comprehensive bio-psychosocial assessment that identifies specific problems, goals, objectives, methods, and timetables for achieving the goals and objectives of treatment.
Life-style addictions may affect many domains of an individual’s functioning and frequently require multi-modal treatment. Goals of treatment include reduction in the use and effects of substances or achievement of abstinence, reduction in the frequency and severity of relapse, and improvement in psychological and social functioning. Real progress requires time, commitment, and discipline in thinking about it, planning for it, working the plan, and monitoring the successes made to prevent relapse. It also requires appropriate interventions and motivating strategies for each progress area of an individual’s life.
7 – Dimensions is a nonlinear, dynamical, non-hierarchical model that focuses on interactions between multiple risk factors and situational determinants similar to catastrophe and chaos theories in predicting and explaining addictive behaviors and relapse. Multiple influences trigger and operate within high-risk situations and influence the global multidimensional functioning of an individual. The process of relapse incorporates the interaction between background factors (e.g., family history, social support, years of possible dependence, and co morbid psychopathology), physiological states (e.g., physical withdrawal), cognitive processes (e.g., self-efficacy, cravings, motivation, the abstinence violation effect, outcome expectancies), and coping skills (Brownell et al., 1986; Marlatt & Gordon, 1985). To put it simply, small changes in an individual’s behavior can result in large qualitative changes at the global level and patterns at the global level of a system emerge solely from numerous little interactions. The clinical utility of the 7 – Dimensions recovery model is in its ability to assist health care providers to quickly gather detailed information about an individual’s personality, background, substance use history, affective state, self-efficacy, and coping skills for prognosis, diagnosis, treatment planning, and outcome measures.
The 7 – Dimensions hypothesis is that there is a multidimensional synergistically negative resistance that individual’s develop to any one form of treatment to a single dimension of their lives, because the effects of an individual’s addiction have dynamically interacted multi-dimensionally. Having the primary focus on one dimension is insufficient. Traditionally, addiction treatment programs have failed to accommodate for the multidimensional synergistically negative effects of an individual having multiple addictions, (e.g. nicotine, alcohol, and obesity, etc.). Behavioral addictions interact negatively with each other and with strategies to improve overall functioning. They tend to encourage the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, help increase violence, decrease functional capacity, and promote social isolation. Most treatment theories today involve assessing other dimensions to identify dual diagnosis or co-morbidity diagnoses, or to assess contributing factors that may play a role in the individual’s primary addiction. The 7 Dimensions’ theory is that a multidimensional treatment plan must be devised addressing the possible multiple addictions identified for each one of an individual’s life dimensions in addition to developing specific goals and objectives for each dimension.
The 7 – Dimensions’ theory promotes a synergistically positive effect that can ignite and set free the human spirit when an individual’s life functioning dimensions are elevated in a homeostatic system. The reciprocity between spirituality and multidimensional life functioning progress, establish the deepest intrinsic self-image and behavioral changes. The underlying 7 – Dimensions theory purports that the combination of an individuals’ elevated and balanced multiple life-functioning dimensions can produce a synergistically tenacious, resilient, and spiritually positive individual homeostasis. Just as the combination of alcohol and drugs (for example valium) when taken together produce a synergistic effect (potency effects are not added together, but multiplied), and can develop into an addiction or unbalanced life-style, positive treatment effectiveness and successful outcomes are the result of a synergistic relationship with “The Higher Power.”
The 7 – Dimensions model acknowledges that family genetics, and bio-psychosocial, historical, and developmental conditioning factors are difficult and sometimes impossible to be changed within individuals. The standardized performance-based Addictions Recovery Measurement System philosophy incorporates a bio-psychosocial disease model that focuses on a cognitive behavioral perspective in attempting to alter maladaptive thinking and improve a person’s abilities and behaviors to solve problems and plan for sustained recovery. Many healthcare consumers of addiction recovery services have a genetic pre-dispositional history for addiction. They have suffered and continue to suffer from past traumatic life experiences (e.g. physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, etc.) and often present with psychosocial stressors (e.g. occupational stress, family/ marital problems, etc.) leaving them with intense and confusing feelings (e.g. anger, anxiety, bitterness, fear, guilt, grief, loneliness, depression, and inferiority, etc.) that reinforce their already low self-esteem. The complex interaction of these factors can leave the individual with much deeper mental health problems involving self-hatred, self-punishment, self-denial, low self-control, low self-respect, and a severe low self-esteem condition, with an overall (sometimes hidden) negative self-identity.
The 7 – Dimensions model combines a multidimensional force field analysis of an individual’s unique problems to identify positive strength prognostic factors, with behavioral contracting, and a token-“like”- economy point system to accomplish this task. Force field analysis is a process whereby an individual’s behavior is assessed to determine which are the key forces driving the addictive behaviors and which are the key forces restraining the addictive behaviors. A plan is implemented to identify the positive strength restraining factors to somehow manipulate those forces in order to increase the likelihood of moving an individual’s behavior in a pro-social recovery direction. Kurt Lewin (1947) who originally developed the Force Field Theory argued that an issue is held in balance by the interaction of two opposing sets of forces – those seeking to promote change (driving forces) and those attempting to maintain the status quo (restraining forces). Any given social event occurs at a given frequency in a given social context, and the frequency of the event is dependent upon forces acting to increase the event as well as forces acting to decrease the event. At any given point in time, there is a “semi-stable equilibrium” whereby the frequency of the social event will remain the same so long as there is neither change in the number or strength of the forces acting to increase the social event nor any change in the forces acting to decrease the event. Equilibrium is altered in either direction by increasing the frequency or intensity of the driving or the restraining forces and thereby creating a corresponding increase or decrease in the rate of an individual’s “addictive” behaviors.
The long-term goal is the health-consumer’s highest optimal functioning, not merely the absence of pathology or symptom reduction. The short-term goal is to change the health care system to accommodate and assimilate to a multidimensional health care perspective. The 7 – Dimensions model addresses the low self-esteem – “addiction – common denominator” by helping individuals establish values, set and accomplish goals, and monitor successful performance.
Additionally, when we consider that addictions involve unbalanced life-styles operating within semi-stable equilibrium force fields, the 7 – Dimensions philosophy promotes that there is a supernatural-like spiritually synergistic effect that occurs when an individuals’ multiple life functioning dimensions are elevated in a homeostatic human system. This bilateral spiritual connectedness reduces chaos and increases resilience to bring an individual harmony, wellness, and productivity. The ARMS takes an objective perspective on spirituality by assessing an individual’s positive and/ or negative spiritual/ religious dimension with the Religious Attitudes Inventory (e.g., the RAI is capable of identifying extremely unhealthy cult-like spirituality with the rigid, and intolerant religious and militant orthodoxy, practiced by some terrorists, etc.). RAI test results are also integrated into the prognostication scoring system.
The 7 – Dimensions model also promotes Twelve Step Recovery Groups such as Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous along with spiritual and religious recovery activities as a necessary means to maintain outcome effectiveness. The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’s most recent research findings regard such active involvement with AA/ NA as the crucial factor responsible for sustained recovery
The 7 – Dimensions Model is not claiming to be the panacea for the ills of addictions treatment progress and outcomes, but it is a step in the right direction for getting clinicians to change the way they practice, by changing treatment facility systems to incorporate evidence-based research findings on effective interventions. The challenge for those interested in conducting outcome evaluations to improve their quality of care is to incorporate a system that will standardize their assessment procedures, treatment programs, and clinical treatment practices. By diligently following a standardized system to obtain base-line outcome statistics of their treatment program effectiveness despite the outcome, they will be able to assess the effectiveness of subsequent treatment interventions.
For more info see:
Poly-Behavioral Addiction and the Addictions Recovery Measurement System (ARMS) at: http://www.geocities.com/drslbdzn/Behavioral_Addictions.html
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 2000, p. 787 & p. 731. American Society of Addiction Medicine’s (2003), “Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders, 3rd Edition, Retrieved, June 18, 2005, from:
http://www.asam.org/ Arthur Aron, Ph.D., professor, psychology, State University of New York, Stony Brook; Helen Fisher, research professor, department of anthropology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J.; Paul Sanberg, Ph.D.,professor, neuroscience, and director, Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair,University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa; June 2005, the Journal of Neurophysiology Gorski, T. (2001), Relapse Prevention In The Managed Care Environment. GORSKI-CENAPS Web Publications. Retrieved June 20, 2005, from: www.tgorski.com Lienard, J. & Vamecq, J. (2004), Presse Med, Oct 23;33(18 Suppl):33-40. Morgan, G.D.; and Fox, B.J. Promoting Cessation of Tobacco Use. The Physician and Sports medicine. Vol 28- No. 12, December 2000. Slobodzien, J. (2005). Poly-behavioral Addiction and the Addictions Recovery Measurement System (ARMS), Booklocker.com, Inc., p. 5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010 (Conference Edition). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.
James Slobodzien, Psy.D., CSAC, is a Hawaii licensed psychologist and certified substance abuse counselor who earned his doctorate in Clinical Psychology. He is credentialed by the National Registry of Health Service Providers in Psychology. He has over 20-years of mental health experience primarily working in the fields of alcohol/ substance abuse and behavioral addictions in hospital, prison, and court settings. He is an adjunct professor of Psychology and also maintains a private practice as a mental health consultant.
BCM London designs and builds beautiful basements and are the best Basement Finishing Company in Alpharetta GA. Utilizing available space in the basement is usually the most cost effective way to add livable area to your home. We are the “design-driven basement builder,” not a general remodeling contractor that may occasionally finish a basement. The scope of our work is strictly basements, and, frankly speaking, we have become quite good at what we do.
Thanks for visiting our website. Since we are regularly adding photos of new projects to our site, we hope you will continue to visit us here as you decide what to do about your basement. We look forward to having the opportunity to meet with you and discuss the design for your project without any commitment on your part. Our commitment is to help you get ready to enjoy your dream basement whether it includes a home office; children’s play area, media room, workout space, or guest suite. Call us for all of your alpharetta basement finishing needs.